Manhã de Carnaval is a song by Brazilian composer Luiz Bonfá. This arrangement is by Bob Hooper.
Manhã de Carnaval appeared as a principal theme in the 1959 Portuguese-language film Orfeu Negro (Black Orpheus) by French director Marcel Camus, with a soundtrack that also included a number of memorable songs by Antônio Carlos Jobim and Vinícius de Moraes, as well as another composition by Bonfá (Samba de Orfeu). Manhã de Carnaval appears in multiple scenes in the film, including versions sung or hummed by both the principal characters (Orfeu and Euridice), as well as an instrumental version, so that the song has been described as the “main” musical theme of the film. In the portion of the film in which the song is sung by the character Orfeu, portrayed by Breno Mello, the song was dubbed by Agostinho dos Santos. The song was initially rejected for inclusion in the film by Camus, but Bonfá was able to convince the director that the music for Manhã de Carnaval was superior to the song Bonfá composed as a replacement. Orfeu Negro was an international success (nominated, for example, for an Academy Award in 1960), and brought the song to a large audience.
Manhã de Carnaval became one of the first compositions identified with Bossa Nova to gain popularity outside Brazil. Particularly in the United States, the song is considered to be one of the most important Brazilian Jazz/Bossa songs that helped establish the Bossa Nova movement in the late 1950s. Manhã de Carnaval has become a jazz standard in the USA, while it is still performed regularly by a wide variety of musicians around the world in its vocalized version or just as an instrumental one. In the United States, the song is also known as “A Day in the Life of a Fool”, “Carnival”, “Theme from Black Orpheus”, or simply “Black Orpheus”. In France, the song is also known as “La Chanson D’Orphée.” The song is also known by the Spanish title “Mañana de Carnaval”. All versions of foreign texts were written by lyricists other than Antônio Maria, using Bonfá’s original music.
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